• Anuria

Anuria is the condition where the body produces too little urine, and if left untreated, it can lead to high blood pressure, heart failure, anemia, platelet disorders, gastrointestinal problems, and even death. Typically, anuria is characterized by a daily urine output that's less than 100 milliliters, and it can be a symptom of kidney failure, which is lethal.

Causes of Anuria

The different types of anuria are categorized based on where the problem is located in the body, which is directly tied to what's causing it. Prerenal anuria occurs when the structural problem is located before the kidneys, such as if there is limited blood flow supplying the kidneys. This can occur due to heart failure, certain diseases, shock, and illnesses.

Renal anuria occurs when the kidneys themselves aren't functioning properly and are failing to produce urine. This can be caused by certain drugs and medications, toxins in the body, autoimmune diseases, congenital kidney disease, muscle trauma, injury, or a number of other diseases.

Postrenal anuria occurs when the structural problem is located after the kidneys, due to a blockage or obstruction preventing urine from flowing to the bladder. This could be due to a urinary tract infection or blockage, a mass in the bladder, prostate problems, and certain diseases.

Other possible causes of anuria include dehydration, infection, stroke, thrombosis, and high blood calcium concentrations.

Symptoms of Anuria

The primary symptom of anuria is decreased urine output. This can be accompanied by irritation and discomfort, dizziness, rapid pulse, light-headedness, a loss of appetite, weakness, and vomiting. Remember, anuria is commonly a symptom of something else rather than a condition in and of itself.

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